MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS EPITOPES EXPRESSED ON TUMOR SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS OF CHEMICALLY INDUCED C3H/HEJ SARCOMAS (TSTA, FIBROSARCOMA, CARCINOGENESIS, MMTV, METHYLCHOLANTHRONE)
This dissertation addressed the hypothesis that the unique tumor specific transplantation antigens (TSTA) of chemically induced sarcomas express epitopes encoded by endogenous viral genes. TSTA from two 3-methylcholanthrene-induced, C3H/HeJ fibrosarcomas (MCA-F and MCA-D) were serologically assessed for viral epitopes in an enzyme-linked immunospecific assay (ELISA) and by immunoaffinity chromatography. Initial evidence with an anti-TSTA antiserum suggested that TSTA were associated with mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) peptides, but not peptides from murine leukemia virus (MuLV). TSTA extracted from MCA-F, was assessed with specific anti viral antibodies at three levels of purification for its association with MuLV peptides (gp 70 and p 15E) and MMTV peptides (gp52, gp36 and p27). The results demonstrate that purified preparations enriched for TSTA activity are devoid of MuLV epitopes, but enriched for a subset of MMTV epitopes. Immunoaffinity supports constructed with anti-MMTV antibodies retained TSTA from partially purified MCA-F or MCA-D extracts. Immunoaffinity chromatography with antibodies against individual MMTV peptides demonstrated that the MCA-F TSTA was specifically retained by anti-gp36 and anti-p27 supports, but not by anti-gp52 supports nor a support made with bovine serum albumin. Analysis of the affinity purified TSTA preparations by HPGPC and SDS-PAGE revealed only a few components. Application of the anti-gp36 and anti-p27 retained materials to HPGPC and subsequent in vivo analysis demonstrated that the TSTA migrated in a low and a high molecular weight region. These results suggest that TSTA specificity in C3H/HeJ mice, results from MMTV recombinant proteins.
RILEY, LEE BESSELL, "MOUSE MAMMARY TUMOR VIRUS EPITOPES EXPRESSED ON TUMOR SPECIFIC TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS OF CHEMICALLY INDUCED C3H/HEJ SARCOMAS (TSTA, FIBROSARCOMA, CARCINOGENESIS, MMTV, METHYLCHOLANTHRONE)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8613906.