EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS TRANSFORMATION OF B LYMPHOCYTE SUBPOPULATIONS
Epstein-Barr virus is a herpes virus distinguished by its remarkable specificity for the B lymphocyte of humans and certain other primates. Although the transformation process is very efficient, is has become clear that only a fraction of B lymphocytes is susceptible. Therefore the question may be raised if transformation is related to B cell stage of activation. B cells were purified from peripheral blood mononuclear cells by the removal of monocytes using elutriation and sheep red blood cell rosetting to remove T cells. Retesting B cells were purified using discontinuous Percoll gradients. Activation of resting cells for 24 hours with anti-mu or Staphylococcus aureus Cowan I (SAC) resulted in transition of susceptible cells into the G(,1) phase of the cell cycle as shown by an increase in cell size, an increase in uridine incorporation and an increase in sensitivity to B cell growth factor (BCGF). Entry into S phase was achieved by extending the period of activation to 48-96 hr as shown by an increase in thymidine incorporation. By this criterion, SAC activated cells entered S phase on day 2 and anti-mu treated cells on day 3. Control (G(,0)) cells and cells activated for varying lengths of time (G(,1), G(,1) plus S) were exposed to EBV and plated in a limiting dilution assay to determine the frequency of EBV-transformable cells. Control cells and cells activated for 24 hr had a precursor frequency of 1% to 2%. With continued activation, however, precursor frequency decreased as a function of the duration of activation. The decrease in frequency of transformable cells correlated with the entry of the population into S phase. The transformation frequency in the SAC-treated population was reduced twenty-fold on day 4, whereas in the anti-mu treated population it was reduced ten-fold. Treating cells with BCGF in conjunction with low concentrations of anti-mu decreased the transformation frequency to levels lower than anti-mu alone, further suggesting that entry into S phase is accompanied by a reduction in transformability. These results indicate that resting B cells are highly susceptible to transformation and that with in vitro activation into the cell cycle B cells become progressively insensitive to EBV.
ROOME, AARON JAMES, "EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS TRANSFORMATION OF B LYMPHOCYTE SUBPOPULATIONS" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8616599.