HUMAN PROPHASE CHROMOSOME UNIQUE BAND SEQUENCES; DEFINITION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND APPLICATION (CYTOGENETICS, IMAGE PROCESSING)
Extensive experience with the analysis of human prophase chromosomes and studies into the complexity of prophase GTG-banding patterns have suggested that at least some prophase chromosomal segments can be accurately identified and characterized independently of the morphology of the chromosome as a whole. In this dissertation the feasibility of identifying and analyzing specified prophase chromosome segments was thus investigated as an alternative approach to prophase chromosome analysis based on whole chromosome recognition. Through the use of prophase idiograms at the 850-band-stage (FRANCKE, 1981) and a comparison system based on the calculation of cross-correlation coefficients between idiogram profiles, we have demonstrated that it is possible to divide the 24 human prophase idiograms into a set of 94 unique band sequences. Each unique band sequence has a banding pattern that is recognizable and distinct from any other non-homologous chromosome portion. Using chromosomes 11p and 16 thru 22 to demonstrate unique band sequence integrity at the chromosome level, we found that prophase chromosome banding pattern variation can be compensated for and that a set of unique band sequences very similar to those at the idiogram level can be identified on actual chromosomes. The use of a unique band sequence approach in prophase chromosome analysis is expected to increase efficiency and sensitivity through more effective use of available banding information. The use of a unique band sequence approach to prophase chromosome analysis is discussed both at the routine level by cytogeneticists and at an image processing level with a semi-automated approach to prophase chromosome analysis.
LOCKWOOD, DAVID HOWARD, "HUMAN PROPHASE CHROMOSOME UNIQUE BAND SEQUENCES; DEFINITION, CHARACTERIZATION, AND APPLICATION (CYTOGENETICS, IMAGE PROCESSING)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8617345.