DIAGNOSTIC ANTIGENS FOR SCHISTOSOMIASIS MANSONI: PRODUCTION, CHARACTERIZATION AND PURIFICATION OF MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, AND AFFINITY PURIFICATION OF ANTIGENS
Attempts have been made in this dissertation to develop a purified antigen with high sensitivity and specificity for diagnosis of Schistosoma mansoni (Sm) infection by using the hybridoma technique. Spleen cells, obtained from mice immunized by infection with Sm and boosted by cercarial antigens, or by injection of circulating antigen (CA) in serum from infected mice, were fused with Sp2/0 myeloma cells. The active infection resulted a higher number of hybridomas (100%) than by CA (20%), and higher levels of antibody reactivity as measured by ELISA. The IgM and IgG monoclonal antibodies (MCAbs) were purified respectively by gel filtration, DE 52 ion exchange column and proteinase A affinity column. The cercarial and egg antigens were purified by affinity chromatography through MCAb/affi-gel column. The reactivity of the purified antigens were then monitored by ELISA, SDS-PAGE silver stain and EITB. The respective MCAbs recognized varying antigenic determinants (AD) present in adult, cercaria and egg stages. By EITB the MCAbs IgM and IgG, when reacted with nine antigens from the various stages, revealed identical bands, suggesting that the two MCAb classes originated from identical AD. By ELISA and COPT, the MCAbs from thirteen cell lines gave same results. But by CHR, two MCAbs showed negative results while eleven other MCAbs showed strong positive. It is assumed that the AD in the immunogen that ilicited the MCAbs were immunochemically closely related. One egg purified by immunoaffinity indicated that the epitopes recognized by MCAb were present on four antigenic components with molecular weights (Mr) of approximately 19, 25, 60 and >224 kd, respectively. By EITB the Mr 19 doublet appeared to be species specific; the Mr 25 kd genus specific. They reacted with mouse serum from 13-16 weeks after infection. In monkey serum Mr 19 doublet appeared 8-10 weeks after infection and disappeared at 8-12 weeks after Droncit treatment, paralleled to the disappearance of fecal egg. The Mr 60 and >224 kd bands were also demonstrated with S. japonicum, S. haematobium and Trichinella spiralis infection sera and may be the cause of cross-reaction in conventional serological test.
RONG, GUAN, "DIAGNOSTIC ANTIGENS FOR SCHISTOSOMIASIS MANSONI: PRODUCTION, CHARACTERIZATION AND PURIFICATION OF MONOCLONAL ANTIBODIES, AND AFFINITY PURIFICATION OF ANTIGENS" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8617349.