A COMPARISON OF COUNTY HOSPITAL UTILIZATION BEFORE AND AFTER INTERVENTION BY THE HOSPITAL'S ALCOHOLISM SERVICES PROGRAM
This study examines the reduction in hospital utilization of 393 public hospital patients who were referred to the hospital's alcoholism screening program for intervention. The 393 patients were the total patient population of the alcoholism screening program for the period of September through December, 1982. Medical records of these patients were investigated to assess the total number of hospital days six months before and six months after intervention. The findings support the hypothesis of decreased utilization. The total number of hospital days for 393 patients before intervention of the alcoholism program was 3,458, with a mean length of stay of 8.80 days. The total number of hospital days after intervention was 458 days, with a mean length of stay of 6.50 days. The average individual difference (decrease) was 7.63 days for one year. From a total of 393 patients counseled by the alcoholism program, 106 (27%) went to treatment for their alcoholism. Other aims were to examine the referral sources (physicians, nurses, social workers and the MAST); study the impact of familial history of alcoholism on referrals, and explore the MAST scores of patients successfully referred. Implications of the study are that it would benefit the public hospital, with their disproportionate numbers of alcoholics, to intervene in the behavioral patterns of alcoholism. Such intervention would be a factor in reducing the overall hospitalization of the alcoholic.
YOUNG, VIRGINIA LEE, "A COMPARISON OF COUNTY HOSPITAL UTILIZATION BEFORE AND AFTER INTERVENTION BY THE HOSPITAL'S ALCOHOLISM SERVICES PROGRAM" (1985). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8617350.