THE ROLE OF ADRENAL AND THYROID HORMONES IN GASTRIC DEVELOPMENT (THYROXINE, PARIETAL CELL, CORTICOSTERONE)
The role of adrenal and thyroid hormones on the development of chief and parietal cells was studied in the rat. Administration of corticosterone or thyroxine in the first and second postnatal weeks resulted in the precocious appearance of pepsinogen in the oxyntic gland mucosa and an increase in basal acid output. When pups were adrenalectomized or made hypothyroid, both pepsinogen and basal acid secretion were lowed. Corticosterone injection increased pepsinogen content and acid secretion to levels higher than those of control in hypothyroid and adrenalectomized rats while thyroxine had no such effect in adrenalectomized rats. Morphologically, chief cells responded to corticosterone or thyroxine with increases in both zymogen granules and RER. Chief cells, however, contained less zymogen granules and RER in adrenalectomized and hypothyroid rats. Corticosterone was effective in restoring the normal morphological appearance of chief cells in the hypothyroid rats while thyroxine had no effect in the adrenalectomized rats. In response to corticosterone or thyroxine, parietal cells in normal animals appeared to contain more mitochondria, tubulovesicles and intracellular canaliculi than those of control. Unlike chief cells, parietal cells retained normal ultrastructure in the absence of adrenal and thyroid hormones. These data indicate that (1) corticosterone is necessary for the functional and morphological development of chief cells; (2) the morphological development of parietal cells does not appear to depend upon corticosterone, (3) the effect of thyroxine on the development of chief and parietal cells is due to corticosterone.
Anatomy & physiology|Animals
TSENG, CHI-CHUAN, "THE ROLE OF ADRENAL AND THYROID HORMONES IN GASTRIC DEVELOPMENT (THYROXINE, PARIETAL CELL, CORTICOSTERONE)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8626104.