IMMUNOLOGICAL AND CYTOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF GAMMA INTERFERON PRODUCTION IN HUMAN T-LYMPHOCYTES INDUCED BY PMA AND PHA (IMMUNOGOLD, CELL CYCLE ANALYSIS)
The present study examined cellular mechanisms involved in the production and secretion of human (gamma)IFN. The hypothesis of this investigation was that (gamma)IFN is an export glycoprotein whose synthesis in human T lymphocytes is dependent on membrane stimulation, polypeptide synthesis in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packaging in the Golgi complex, and release from the cell by exocytosis. The model system for this examination utilized T lymphocytes from normal donors and patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) induced in vitro with the tumor promoter, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and the lectin, phytohemagglutinin (PHA) to produce (gamma)IFN. This study reconfirmed the ability of PMA and PHA to synergistically induce (gamma)IFN production in normal T lymphocytes, as measured by viral inhibition assays and radio-immunoassays for (gamma)IFN. The leukemic T cells were demonstrated to produce (gamma)IFN in response to treatment with PHA. PMA treatment also induced (gamma)IFN production in the leukemic T cells, which was much greater than that observed in similarly treated normal T cells. In these same cells, however, combined treatment of the agents was shown to be ineffective at inducing (gamma)IFN production beyond the levels stimulated by the individual agents. In addition, the present study reiterated the synergistic effect of PMA/PHA on the stimulation of growth kinetics in normal T cells. The cell cycle of the leukemic T cells was also responsive to treatment with the agents, particularly with PMA treatment. A number of morphological alterations were attributed to PMA treatment including the acquisition of an elongated configuration, nuclear folds, and large cytoplasmic vacuoles. Many of the effects were observed to be reversible with dilution of the agents, and reversion to this state occurred more rapidly in the leukemic T cells. Most importantly, utilization of a thin section immuno-colloidal gold labelling technique for electron microscopy provided, for the first time, direct evidence of the cellular mechanism of (gamma)IFN production and secretion. The results of this latter study support the idea that (gamma)IFN is produced in the rough endoplasmic reticulum, transferred to the Golgi complex for accumulation and packaging, and released from the T cells by exocytosis.
MULLINS, TED DEXTER, "IMMUNOLOGICAL AND CYTOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF GAMMA INTERFERON PRODUCTION IN HUMAN T-LYMPHOCYTES INDUCED BY PMA AND PHA (IMMUNOGOLD, CELL CYCLE ANALYSIS)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8703911.