THE ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF O-ACETYLATED SIALIC ACIDS ON HUMAN CELLS (NEURAMINIC ACIDS, PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY, HUMAN MALIGNANCY, BIOSYNTHETIC LABELING)
Unlike most carbohydrates, sialic acids have a restricted distribution in nature, being present in higher animals and in certain bacteriae. Unfortunately, most studies have not taken into account the fact that the parent sialic acid molecules, N-acetyl(or N-glycolyl)-neuraminic acid can be O-substituted at the 4, 7, 8 and 9 positions, generating many compounds and isomers. The approach and results of this research study demonstrates that proportions of non-, mono-, di-, and tri-O-acetylated sialic acids can be identified and quantitated on normal and malignant human cells. This was accomplished using a paper chromatographic technique to isolate and resolve individual species of non and O-substituted sialic acids. The chemical nature of these O-substituents, as an acetyl ester, was determined on the basis of chemical degradation, enzymatic and fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry analysis. The working hypothesis of this study, that O-acetylated sialic acids are expressed in a restricted manner on normal and malignant cells, was confirmed using the above experimental approach; which identified mono-, di-, and tri-O-acetylated sialic acids on a variety of normal and malignant human cells. These O-acetylated sialic acids were expressed in restricted manner on subpopulations and subcellular fractions of PHL melanoma cells. Aberrant expression of O-acetylated sialic acids was associated with adenocarcinoma of the colon, leading to a nearly complete loss of di- and tri-O-acetylated sialic acids. Thus, the ability to isolate and identify biosynthetically radiolabeled O-acetylated sialic acids offers an efficient method of monitoring the expression of O-acetylated sialic acids in biochemical and cellular interactions. Furthermore, the ability to identify abnormal ratios of O-acetylated sialic acids in the human colon, represents a possible diagnostic tool to evaluate and identify patients who may be genetically or culturally predisposed to the development of adenocarcinoma of the colon.
HUTCHINS, JEFF TOBIN, "THE ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF O-ACETYLATED SIALIC ACIDS ON HUMAN CELLS (NEURAMINIC ACIDS, PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY, HUMAN MALIGNANCY, BIOSYNTHETIC LABELING)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8704667.