BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES IN RELATION TO DEMOGRAPHIC, ANTHROPOMETRIC, AND SEXUAL MATURATION VARIABLES IN U.S. HEALTH EXAMINATION SURVEY OF CHILDREN AND YOUTHS (UNITED STATES)
The determinants of change in blood pressure during childhood and adolescence were studied in a cohort of U.S. national probability sample of 2146 children examined on two occasions during the Health Examination Survey. Significant negative correlations between the initial level and the subsequent changes in blood pressure were observed. The multiple regression analyses showed that the major determinants of systolic blood pressure (SBP) change were change in weight, baseline SBP, and baseline upper arm girth. Race, time interval between examinations, baseline age, and height change were also significant determinants in SBP change. For the change in diastolic blood pressure (DBP), baseline DBP, baseline weight, and weight change were the major determinants. Baseline SBP, time interval and race were also significant determinants. Sexual maturation variables were also considered in the subgroup analysis for girls. Weight change was the most important predictor of the change in SBP for the group of girls who were still in the pre-menarchal or pre-breast maturation status at the time of the follow-up examination, and who had started to menstruate or to develop breast maturation at sometime between the two examinations. Baseline triceps skinfold thickness or initial SBP were more important variables than weight change for the group of girls who had already experienced menarche or breast maturation at the time of the initial survey. For the total group, pubic hair maturation was found to be a significant predictor of SBP change at the 5% significance level. The importance of weight change and baseline weight for the changes in blood pressure warrants further study.
CHO, SANGSOOK AHN, "BLOOD PRESSURE CHANGES IN RELATION TO DEMOGRAPHIC, ANTHROPOMETRIC, AND SEXUAL MATURATION VARIABLES IN U.S. HEALTH EXAMINATION SURVEY OF CHILDREN AND YOUTHS (UNITED STATES)" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8712589.