PREDICTIVE VARIABLES FOR WEIGHT CHANGE 2 YEARS FOLLOWING PARTICIPATION IN A WEIGHT LOSS INTERVENTION PROGRAM
A historical prospective study was designed to assess the man weight status of subjects who participated in a behavioral weight reduction program in 1983 and to determine whether there was an association between the dependent variable weight change and any of 31 independent variables after a 2 year follow-up period. Data was obtained by abstracting the subjects records and from a follow-up questionnaire administered 2 years following program participation. Five hundred nine subjects (386 females and 123 males) of 1460 subjects who participated in the program, completed and returned the questionnaire. Results showed that mean weight was significantly different (p < 0.001) between the measurement at baseline and after a 2 year follow-up period. The mean weight loss of the group was 5.8 pounds, 10.7 pounds for males and 4.2 pounds for females after a 2 year follow-up period. A total of 63.9% of the group, 69.9% of males and 61.9% of females were still below their initial weight after the 2 year follow-up period. Sixteen of the 31 variables assessed utilizing bivariate analyses were found to be significantly (p (LESSTHEQ) 0.05) associated with weight change after a 2 year follow-up period. These variables were then entered into a multivariate linear regression model. A total of 37.9% of the variance of the dependent variable, weight change, was accounted for by all 16 variables. Eight of these variables were found to be significantly (p (LESSTHEQ) 0.05) predictive of weight change in the stepwise multivariate process accounting for 37.1% of the variance. These variables included: Two baseline variables (percent over ideal body weight at enrollment and occupation) and six follow-up variables (feeling in control of eating habits, percent of body weight lost during treatment, frequency of weight measurement, physical activity, eating in response to emotions, and number of pounds of weight gain needed to resume a diet). It was concluded that a greater amount of emphasis should be placed on the six follow-up variables by clinicians involved in the treatment of obesity, and by the subjects themselves to enhance their chances of success at long-term weight loss.
LAVERY, MARGARET ANGELA, "PREDICTIVE VARIABLES FOR WEIGHT CHANGE 2 YEARS FOLLOWING PARTICIPATION IN A WEIGHT LOSS INTERVENTION PROGRAM" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8712593.