THE USE OF MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE IN EVALUATING THE COMPARABILITY OF LABORATORY DETERMINATIONS IN COOPERATIVE STUDIES
The role of clinical chemistry has traditionally been to evaluate acutely ill or hospitalized patients. Traditional statistical methods have serious drawbacks in that they use univariate techniques. To demonstrate alternative methodology, a multivariate analysis of covariance model was developed and applied to the data from the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease. The purpose of developing the model for the laboratory data from the CSSCD was to evaluate the comparability of the results from the different clinics. Several variables were incorporated into the model in order to control for possible differences among the clinics that might confound any real laboratory differences. Differences for LDH, alkaline phosphatase and SGOT were identified which will necessitate adjustments by clinic whenever these data are used. In addition, aberrant clinic values for LDH, creatinine and BUN were also identified. The use of any statistical technique including multivariate analysis without thoughtful consideration may lead to spurious conclusions that may not be corrected for some time, if ever. However, the advantages of multivariate analysis far outweigh its potential problems. If its use increases as it should, the applicability to the analysis of laboratory data in prospective patient monitoring, quality control programs, and interpretation of data from cooperative studies could well have a major impact on the health and well being of a large number of individuals.
WEST, MICHAEL STEWART, "THE USE OF MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF COVARIANCE IN EVALUATING THE COMPARABILITY OF LABORATORY DETERMINATIONS IN COOPERATIVE STUDIES" (1986). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8712597.