TUMOR PROGRESSION, METASTATIC POTENTIAL AND GENOMIC INSTABILITY
To investigate the hypothesis that increased malignant potential correlates with increased levels of genetic instability, the following parameters of instability were measured: (1) spontaneous mutation rates for ouabain resistance in murine cell lines of different malignant potentials, (2) the background prevalence of 6-thioguanine (6-TG) resistance in clone 4 (highly metastatic) and clone 19 (poorly metastatic) of the K1735 murine melanoma, (3) the prevalence of ouabain resistant variants in three murine cell lines and their variants after exposure to the mutagen MNNG, (4) the rate of generation of major karyotypic abnormalities in B16 F1 (poorly metastatic) and B16 F10 (highly metastatic) murine melanoma, and (5) analysis of the G-banded karyotypes of cloned B16 F1 and B16 F10 melanoma. No correlation of increased spontaneous mutation rates with increased malignant potential was found in repeated experiments with three murine cell lines and their variants of different malignant potential. The background prevalence of g-TG resistance was not significantly different for the poorly and highly metastatic clones of K1735 melanoma. The studies with MNNG-induced mutation showed no increased sensitivity of the highly metastatic variants of the three murine cell lines to mutagenesis. Neither did the rate of generation of major karyotypic abnormalities correlate with malignant potential. However, certain karyotypic differences were demonstrated after G-banding of the B16 F1 and F10 melanomas. One hypothesis which is consistent with these results is that the rate of generation of genetic abnormalities need not be strongly related to the degree of malignant potential. An increased prevalence of genetic changes may merely reflect the accumulation of abnormalities while their rate of production remains constant. The presence of specific nonrandom changes likely is the main determinant of malignant potential rather than the rate of production of random changes.
KENDAL, WAYNE STANLEY, "TUMOR PROGRESSION, METASTATIC POTENTIAL AND GENOMIC INSTABILITY" (1987). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8712848.