COMPARISON OF DNA TRANSFECTION AND MICROCELL-MEDIATED CHROMOSOME TRANSFER FOR DETECTING TRANSFORMING GENES IN HUMAN TUMOR CELL LINES
DNA mediated gene transfection is an important tool for moving and isolating genes from one cell type and putting them into a foreign genetic background. DNA transfection studies have been done routinely in many laboratories to identify and isolate transforming sequences in human tumors and tumor cell lines. A second technique, microcell-mediated chromosome transfer, allows the transfer of small numbers of intact human chromosome from one cell to another. This work was done to compare the efficiency of these two techniques in the transformation of NIH 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. My intent in comparing these two techniques was to see if there was a difference in the transforming capability of DNA which has been purified of all associated protein and RNAs, and that of DNA which is introduced into a cell in its native form, the chromosome. If chromosomal sequences were capable of transforming the 3T3 cells in culture, the method could then be used as a way to isolate the relevant tumorigenic chromosomes from human tumors. The study shows, however, that even for those cell lines that contain transforming sequences identified by DNA-mediated gene transfer, those same sequences were unable to transform 3T3 cells when introduced to the cells by somatic fusion of human tumor microcells. I believe that the human transforming sequences in their original genetic conformation are not recognized by the mouse cell as genes which should be expressed; therefore, no noticeable transformation event was selected by this technique.
SANFORD, JULIE ANNE, "COMPARISON OF DNA TRANSFECTION AND MICROCELL-MEDIATED CHROMOSOME TRANSFER FOR DETECTING TRANSFORMING GENES IN HUMAN TUMOR CELL LINES" (1987). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8719424.