Differentiative requirements for human CD8(+) suppressor lymphocytes

Medhat Nagi ElMasry, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The aim of this research was to characterize the differentiative requirements of human CD8$\sp{+}$ suppressor lymphocytes. We investigated the role of monocytes in cellular interactions required for generation of T suppressor cells (Ts) in pokeweed mitogen (PWM) stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). We observed that the functional activity of CD8$\sp{+}$ T cells was dependent on the concentration of monocytes in the inductive cultures; at concentrations normally present in peripheral blood, PWM stimulation induced potent suppressor activity, whereas under conditions of moderate monocyte depletion the same phenotypic subset of CD8$\sp{+}$ cells enhanced responses. We also demonstrated that differentiation of CD8$\sp{+}$CD28$\sp{-}$ suppressor cells could be mediated by soluble products elaborated by monocytes and CD4$\sp{+}$ cells, identified as PGE$\sb2$ and IFN$\gamma$ respectively. These two signals were required sequentially to cause Ts induction. That is PGE$\sb2$ was required initially, followed by an IFN$\gamma$-dependent differentiative step. We also explored the possibility that PGE$\sb2$ caused modulation of the IFN$\gamma$ receptor number and/or affinity on CD8$\sp{+}$ cells, which might render these cells responsive to the differentiative effect of the IFN$\gamma$-signal. Using radiolabelled $\sp{125}$I-IFN$\gamma$, direct binding assays demonstrated that 10$\sp{-8}$M PGE$\sb2$ selectively increased the number of receptors on the CD8$\sp{+}$ cells. In contrast CD4$\sp{+}$ cells treated similarly exhibited no significant change in their number of IFN$\gamma$ receptors. These results, thus, suggest a relationship between PGE$\sb2$ induced expression of IFN$\gamma$ receptor and the initial requirement for PGE$\sb2$ in IFN$\gamma$-dependent differentiation of Ts cells. Together, our results suggest a crucial role for PGE$\sb2$ and IFN$\gamma$ in regulation of the immune response. Furthermore, such detailed definition of the differentiative requirements for CD8$\sp{+}$ suppressor cells should provide new insight into fundamental mechanisms of immunoregulation.

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Recommended Citation

ElMasry, Medhat Nagi, "Differentiative requirements for human CD8(+) suppressor lymphocytes" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8826286.