Calcification of a collagen-liposome complex
The purpose of the study was to evaluate in vitro calcification potential among liposomes composed of phospholipids with variations in fatty acid chains and polar head groups. The liposome was also modified by utilizing mixed phospholipids, incorporation of different types of protein to the liposome, or complexing with various collagen preparations. The samples were then incubated in a metastable calcium phosphate solution for the proposed time period. Calcium and phosphate uptake were measured. Resulting precipitates were processed for x-ray diffraction and electron microscopy. Acidic phospholipid, Dioleoylphosphatidic acid and mixed phospholipids, Dioleoylphosphatidic acid/Dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine liposomes calcified at a faster rate and to a greater degree than other phospholipids tested. The incorporation of polylysine, fibronectin, bone protein, or the complexing with collagen decreased the rate and amount of calcification. Electron microscopy demonstrated the similarity of the calcified collagen-liposome complex to the natural calcification matrix. These preparations may be used as a model to study the role of membrane lipids and collagen-phospholipid during the process of calcification. The in vivo study was designed to determine whether the potential existed for the promotion of bone healing by the synthetic liposome-collagen complex. The implant materials were modified to provide decreased antigenicity, biocompatability while maintaining their bone conduction properties. The samples were placed subcutaneously and/or subperiosteally and/or in 8 mm calvarium defects of adult rats. Histological and immunological studies demonstrated that the implant itself retained minimal antigenicity and did not inhibit bone formation. However, modification of the implant may contain the bone induction property and be utilized to stimulate bony healing.
Suddhasthira, Theeralaksna, "Calcification of a collagen-liposome complex" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8826287.