A molecular analysis of the conditional defect in MuSVts-110 viral RNA splicing

Paul Edward Cizdziel, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Cells infected with MuSVts110 express a viral RNA which contains an inherent conditional defect in RNA splicing. It has been shown previously that splicing of the MuSVts110 primary transcript is essential to morphological transformation of 6m2 cells in vitro. A growth temperature of 33$\sp\circ$C is permissive for viral RNA splicing,and, consequently, 6m2 cells appear morphologically transformed at this temperature. However, 6m2 cells appear phenotypically normal when incubated at 39$\sp\circ$C, the non-permissive temperature for viral RNA splicing. After a shift from 39$\sp\circ$C to 33$\sp\circ$C, the coordinate splicing of previously synthesized and newly transcribed MuSVts110 RNA was achieved. By S1 nuclease analysis of total RNA isolated at various times, 5$\sp\prime$ splice site cleavage of the MuSVts110 transcript appeared to occur 60 minutes after the shift to 33$\sp\circ$C, and 30 minutes prior to detectable exon ligation. In addition, consistent with the permissive temperatures and the kinetic timeframe of viral RNA splicing after a shift to 33$\sp\circ$C, four temperature sensitive blockades to primer extension were identified 26-75 bases upstream of the 3$\sp\prime$ splice site. These blockades likely reflect four branchpoint sequences utilized in the formation of MuSVts110 lariat splicing-intermediates. The 54-5A4 cell line is a spontaneous revertant of 6m2 cells and appears transformed at all growth temperatures. Primer extension sequence analysis has shown that a five base deletion occurred at the 3$\sp\prime$ splice site in MuSVts110 RNA allowing the expression of a viral transforming protein in 54-5A4 in the absence of RNA splicing, whereas in the parental 6m2 cell line, a splicing event is necessary to generate a similar transforming protein. As a consequence of this deletion, splicing cannot occur and the formation of the four MuSVts110 branched-intermediates were not observed at any temperature in 54-5A4 cells. However, 5$\sp\prime$ splice site cleavage was still detected at 33$\sp\circ$C. Finally, we have investigated the role of the 1488 bp deletion which occurred in the generation of MuSVts110 in the activation of temperature sensitive viral RNA splicing. This deletion appears solely responsible for splice site activation. Whether intron size is the crucial factor in MuSVts110 RNA splicing or whether inhibitory sequences were removed by the deletion is currently unknown. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)

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Recommended Citation

Cizdziel, Paul Edward, "A molecular analysis of the conditional defect in MuSVts-110 viral RNA splicing" (1987). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8826293.