Expression of TNF-alpha protein and C-FOS and TNF messenger-RNA during human peripheral blood monocyte maturation and activation

James Alan Turpin, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Human peripheral blood monocytes (HPBM) were isolated by centrifugal elutriation from mononuclear cell enriched fractions after routine plateletapheresis and the relationship between maturation of HPBM to macrophage-like cells and activation for tumoricidal activity determined. HPBM were cultured for various times in RPMI 1640 supplemented with 5% pooled human AB serum and cytotoxicity to $\sp{125}$IUDR labeled A375M, a human melanoma cell line, and TNF-$\alpha$ release determined by cytolysis of actinomycin D treated L929 cells. Freshly isolated HPBM or those exposed to recombinant IFN-$\gamma$(1.0 U/ml) were not cytolytic and did not release TNF-$\alpha$ into culture supernatants. Exposure to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1.0 $\upsilon$g/ml) stimulated cytolytic activity and release of TNF-$\alpha$. Maximal release of TNF-$\alpha$ protein occurred at 8 hrs and returned to baseline by 72 hrs. Expression of TNF-$\alpha$ protein was determined by Western blotting. Neither freshly isolated nor IFN-$\gamma$ treated HPBM expressed TNF protein at any time during in vitro culture. LPS treated HPBM maximally expressed the 17KD TNF-$\alpha$ protein at 8 hrs, and protein was not detected after 36 hrs of in vitro culture. Expression of TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA was determined by Northern blotting. Freshly isolated HPBM express TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA which decays to basal levels by 6 hrs of in vitro culture. IFN-$\gamma$ treatment maintains TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA expression for up to 48 hrs of culture, after which it is undetectable. LPS induces TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA after 30 minutes of exposure with maximal accumulation occurring between 4 to 8 hrs. TNF mRNA was not detected in control HPBM at any time after 6 hrs or IFN-$\gamma$ treated HPBM after 48 hrs of in vitro culture. A pulse of LPS the last 24 hrs of in vitro culture induces the accumulation of TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA in HPBM cultured for 3, 5, and 7 days, with the magnitude of induction decreasing approximately 10 fold between 3 and 7 days. Induction of TNF-$\alpha$ mRNA occurred in the absence of detectable TNF-$\alpha$ protein or supernatant activity. Maturation of HPBM to macrophage-like cells controls competence for activation, magnitude and duration of the activation response.

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Recommended Citation

Turpin, James Alan, "Expression of TNF-alpha protein and C-FOS and TNF messenger-RNA during human peripheral blood monocyte maturation and activation" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8914940.