Stability of specific immunoglobulin secretion by EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cells and human-murine heterohybridomas
The purpose of this project was to determine if stability of specific antibody secretion improved after fusion of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed lymphoblastoid cells with P3X63Ag8.653 murine myeloma cells. Production of human monoclonal antibodies by Epstein-Barr virus transformation and somatic cell fusion has been used by many laboratories, however the steps involved have not been fully optimized. B lymphocytes isolated from the peripheral blood of normal donors were enriched for Thomsen-Friedenreich (T) antigen-reactive cells by panning on asialoglycophorin. The EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines generated from asialoglycophorin-adherent B lymphocytes were treated in three different manners: (1) cloned and maintained in culture as monoclonal lymphoblastoid cell lines, (2) cloned and fused with murine myeloma cells or (3) fused shortly after transfomation without prior cloning. Cloned lymphoblastoid cell lines maintained in culture without fusion either died or lost specific antibody secretion within five months. Uncloned lymphoblastoid cells remained viable for up to three months but lost specific antibody secretion within two months probably due to overgrowth by nonspecific clones. In an attempt to increase longevity and to stabilize specific antibody secretion by these cells, the cloned lymphoblastoid cells were fused with murine myeloma cells. In nine of ten fusions no hybrids were recovered. As an alternate approach, uncloned lymphoblastoid cells secreting T antigen-specific antibody were hybridized with murine myeloma cells, hybrids secreting T antigen-specific antibody were recovered in six of seven fusions. Furthermore, T antigen-specific antibodies of high titer were secreted by the heterohybridoma clones for more than five months of continuous culture. These heterohybridoma cells secreted more immunoglobulin, produced greater titers of antibody and maintained specific antibody secretion longer than either monoclonal or polyclonal EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cells. These studies have conclusively demonstrated that fusion of polyclonal lymphoblastoid cells secreting T antigen-specific antibody with murine myeloma cells results in prolongation of human monoclonal antibody production compared with unfused monoclonal or polyclonal lymphoblastoid cell lines. This procedure should be generally applicable for the production of stable human monoclonal antibody-secreting cells lines from peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Glasky, Michelle Sue, "Stability of specific immunoglobulin secretion by EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cells and human-murine heterohybridomas" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8914942.