Studies on the interaction of NADPH cytochrome P-450 reductase and cytochromes P-450

Steven Gary Nadler, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Chemical modification of cytochrome P-450 reductase was used to determine the involvement of charged amino acids in the interaction between the reductase and two forms of cytochrome P-450. Acetylation of 11 lysine residues of the reductase with acetic anhydride yielded a 20-40% decrease in the K$\sb{\rm m}$ of the reductase for cytochrome P-450b or cytochrome P-450c. Modification of carboxyl groups on the reductase with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and methylamine, glycine methyl ester, or taurine as nucleophiles inhibited the interaction with the cytochromes P-450. We were able to modify 4.0, 7.9, and 5.9 carboxyl groups using methylamine, glycine methyl ester, and taurine, respectively. The apparent K$\sb{\rm m}$ for cytochrome P-450c or cytochrome P-450b was increased 1.3 to 5.2 fold. There were varied effects on the V$\sb{\rm max}$. There was no significant change in the conformation of the reductase upon chemical modification. These results strongly suggest that electrostatic interactions as well as steric constraints play a role in the binding and electron transfer step(s) between the reductase and cytochrome P-450. Cytochrome P-450 protected 0.8 moles of carboxyl residues on the reductase from being modified with EDC. These protected amino acids on the reductase are presumably involved in binding to cytochrome P-450. The specific peptide containing these amino acids has been identified.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Nadler, Steven Gary, "Studies on the interaction of NADPH cytochrome P-450 reductase and cytochromes P-450" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8914943.