The role of suppressor factors in the regulation of immune responses by ultraviolet radiation-induced suppressor T lymphocytes
The purpose of these studies was to determine the role of suppressor factors (TsF) in the regulation of immune responses by ultraviolet radiation-induced suppressor T lymphocytes (Ts). The Ts were induced following epicutaneous sensitization with contact allergens to an unirradiated site on mice irradiated five days earlier with 40 kJ/m$\sp2$ UVB (280-320 nm) radiation. The spleens of such mice contain afferent, hapten-specific, Thy-1$\sp+$, Lyt-1$\sp+$,2$\sp-$ Ts that suppress in vivo contact hypersensitivity (CHS) and antibody responses and the in vitro generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Four approaches were used to determine the role of TsF. First, lysates produced from sonically-disrupted Ts were injected i.v. into normal animals; they inhibited CHS in vivo in a nonspecific manner. The lysates suppressed the induction and elicitation of CHS, and they inhibited the in vitro generation of CTL. Lysates prepared from splenocytes obtained from unirradiated mice or UV-irradiated, unsensitized mice failed to inhibit either response. Second, supernatants from cultures containing Ts, normal syngeneic responder lymphocytes, and hapten-modified stimulator cells were injected i.v. into normal recipients. They inhibited the induction of CHS and did so in a hapten-specific manner. Cellular and kinetic requirements were observed for the generation of suppressive activity. Splenocytes from mice treated with Ts supernatants suppressed CHS when transferred into normal animals. The supernatants also suppressed the in vitro generation of specific CTL. Third, the TsF-specific B16G monoclonal antibody was tested for its ability to modulate the effects of UV radiation in vivo. The i.v. injection of B16G into UV-irradiated mice reduced the suppression of CHS. Splenocytes of B16G-treated mice transferred into normal recipients, and they suppressed CHS, indicating that the Ts were not depleted. Fourth, B16G was used to isolate a putative TsF by antibody immunoadsorbance. When the B16G-bound fraction was eluted and injected i.v. into normal animals, it suppressed CHS and represented a 900-fold enrichment of activity over the starting material, based on specific activity. By SDS-PAGE, the B16G-bound material contained nondisulfide-linked 45- and 50-kDa components. These results suggest that TsF may play an immunoregulatory role in CHS. The isolation of a UV radiation-induced TsF lends credence to the involvement of such molecules.
Yee, Gene Koon, "The role of suppressor factors in the regulation of immune responses by ultraviolet radiation-induced suppressor T lymphocytes" (1989). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI8924472.