Molecular signals in B lymphocyte activation: The role of intracellular calcium ion concentration, protein kinase C activation, and autocrine interleukin-2

Anand Shreeram Lagoo, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Calcium ionophore, ionomycin, and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) were used to activate rabbit peripheral blood B cells to study the role of increased intracellular calcium ion concentration ( (Ca$\sp2+\rbrack\sb{\rm i}$), protein kinase C (PKC) activation, and autocrine interleukin (IL-2) in inducing cell cycle entry and maintaining activation to DNA synthesis. When stimulated with a combination of ionomycin and PMA the B cells produced a soluble factor that supported the IL-2 dependent cell line, CTLL-2. The identity of the factor was established as IL-2 and its source was proved to be B cells in further experiments. Absorption studies and limiting dilution analysis indicated that IL-2 produced by B cells can act as an autocrine growth factor. Next, the effect of complete and incomplete signalling on B lymphocyte activation leading to cell cycle entry, IL-2 production, functional IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) expression, and DNA synthesis was examined. It was observed that cell cycle entry could be induced by signals provided by each reagent alone, but IL-2 production, IL-2R expression, and progression to DNA synthesis required activation with both reagents. Incomplete activation with ionomycin or PMA alone altered the responsiveness of B cells to further stimulation only in the case of ionomycin, and the unresponsiveness of these cells was apparently due to a lack of functional IL-2R expression on these cells, even though IL-2 production was maintained. The requirement of IL-2 for maintenance of activation to DNA synthesis was then investigated. The hypothesis that IL-2, acts in late G$\sb1$ and is required for DNA synthesis in B cells was supported by comparing IL-2 production and DNA synthesis in peripheral blood cells and purified B cells, kinetic analysis of these events in B cells, effects of anti-IL-2 antibody and PKC inhibitors, and by the response of G$\sb1$ B cells. Additional signals transduced by the interaction of autocrine IL-2 and functional IL-2 receptor on rabbit B cells were found to be necessary to drive these cells to S phase, after initial activation caused by simultaneous increase in (Ca$\sp2+\rbrack\sb{\rm i}$ and PKC activation had induced cell cycle entry, IL-2 production, and functional IL-2 receptor expression.

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Recommended Citation

Lagoo, Anand Shreeram, "Molecular signals in B lymphocyte activation: The role of intracellular calcium ion concentration, protein kinase C activation, and autocrine interleukin-2" (1989). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9008971.