Mutagenicity study of the urinary metabolites of 2-aminonaphthalene
The mutagenicity study of the urinary metabolites of 2-aminonaphthalene was conducted to determine whether differences in metabolism between different acetylator phenotypes could account for a proposed mechanism of bladder carcinogenesis. This required the use of fast and slow acetylator rabbits with phenotypic similarities to humans. In the absence of available slow acetylators, it was necessary to inhibit fast acetylators. The proposed mechanism was that slow acetylators were at greater potential risk of bladder carcinogenesis due to low rates of acetylation, a detoxification mechanism for certain aromatic amines. The alternate metabolic pathway will be hydroxylation. The fast acetylators were proposed to exhibit lower risk of bladder carcinogenicity as a result of higher acetylation rates and less mutagenic metabolites. This hypothesis was approached by determining from in vitro mutagenicity assays with Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 whether different metabolites were mutagenic. The acetylation rate of each rabbit and a suitable method of acetylation inhibition were determined through oral exposure to dapsone and the acetylation inhibitor, K-p-aminosalicylic acid. Residues of dapsone and its acetylated metabolite were extracted from blood samples and analyzed by ultra-violet spectrometry using standard curves for each metabolite. The urine samples were concentrated on XAD-2 resin and analyzed both as whole urine concentrates and as isolated metabolites from spots on high performance thin layer chromatography plates. The major isolated spots were identified and quantified through extraction and analysis by high performance liquid chromatography when possible. Acetylation rate determination and inhibition were successfully demonstrated in rabbits. Significant mutagenicity was noted for several critical metabolites. None of the mutagenic metabolites were detected in higher concentration in the inhibited acetylators and thus, no clear relationship of metabolite concentration to bladder carcinogenesis was evident for the compounds analyzed. There was some evidence that the inhibitor may have affected critical enzyme systems other than acetylation alone. This would account for the lower concentrations of mutagenic hydroxylated compounds observed.
Bergsten, David Alan, "Mutagenicity study of the urinary metabolites of 2-aminonaphthalene" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9020176.