Investigation of I-compounds (newly discovered indigenous DNA modifications) by different approaches

Donghui Li, The University of Texas School of Public Health


I-compounds are newly discovered covalent DNA modifications detected by the $\sp{32}$P-postlabeling assay. They are age-dependent, tissue-specific and sex-different. The origin(s), chemistry and function(s) of I-compounds are unknown. The total level of I-compounds in 8-10 month old rat liver is 1 adduct in 10$\sp7$ nucleotides, which is not neglectable. It is proposed that I-compounds may play a role in spontaneous tumorigenesis and aging. In the present project, I-compounds were investigated by several different approaches. (1) Dietary modulation of I-compounds. (2) Comparison of I-compounds with persistent carcinogen DNA adducts and 5-methylcytosine. (3) Strain differences of I-compounds in relation to organ site spontaneous tumorigenesis. (4) Effects of nongenotoxic hepatocarcinogenes on I-compounds. It was demonstrated that the formation of I-compounds is diet-related. Rats fed natural ingredient diet exhibited more complex I-spot patterns and much higher levels than rats fed purified diet. Variation of major nutrients (carbohydrate, protein and fat) in the diet, produced quantitative differences in I-compounds of rat liver and kidney DNAs. Physiological level of vitamin E in the diet reduced intensity of one I-spot compared with vitamin E deficient diet. However, extremely high level of vitamin E in the diet gave extra spot and enhanced the intensities of some I-spots. In regenerating rat liver, I-compounds levels were reduced, as carcinogen DNA adducts, but not 5-methylcytosine, i.e. a normal DNA modification. Animals with higher incidences of spontaneous tumor or degenerative diseases tended to have a lower level of I-compounds. Choline devoid diet induced a drastic reduction of I-compound level in rat liver compared with choline supplemented diet. I-compound levels were reduced after multi-doses of carbon tetrachloride (CCl$\sb4$) exposure in rats and single dose exposure in mice. An inverse relationship was observed between I-compound level and DNA replication rate. CCl$\sb4$-related DNA adduct was detected in mice liver and intensities of some I-spots were enhanced 24 h after a single dose exposure. The mechanisms and explanations of these observations will be discussed. I-compounds are potentially useful indicators in carcinogenesis studies.

Subject Area

Molecular biology|Biochemistry|Nutrition

Recommended Citation

Li, Donghui, "Investigation of I-compounds (newly discovered indigenous DNA modifications) by different approaches" (1988). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9020187.