Intercellular adhesion and membrane polarity in rat hepatocytes: Localization of cell-CAM 105 and other domain-specific membrane proteins in situ and in vitro by electron microscopy
Cell-CAM 105 has been identified as a cell adhesion molecule (CAM) based on the ability of monospecific and monovalent anti-cell-CAM 105 antibodies to inhibit the reaggregation of rat hepatocytes. Although one would expect to find CAMs concentrated in the lateral membrane domain where adhesive interactions predominate, immunofluorescence analysis of rat liver frozen sections revealed that cell-CAM 105 was present exclusively in the bile canalicular (BC) domain of the hepatocyte. To more precisely define the in situ localization of cell-CAM 105, immunoperoxidase and electron microscopy were used to analyze intact and mechanically dissociated fixed liver tissue. Results indicate that although cell-CAM 105 is apparently restricted to the BC domain in situ, it can be detected in the pericanalicular region of the lateral membranes when accessibility to lateral membranes is provided by mechanical dissociation. In contrast, when hepatocytes were labeled following incubation in vitro under conditions used during adhesion assays, cell-CAM 105 had redistributed to all areas of the plasma membrane. Immunofluorescence analysis of primary hepatocyte cultures revealed that cell-CAM 105 and two other BC proteins were localized in discrete domains reminscent of BC while cell-CAM 105 was also present in regions of intercellular contact. These results indicate that the distribution of cell-CAM 105 under the experimental conditions used for cell adhesion assays differs from that in situ and raises the possibility that its adhesive function may be modulated by its cell surface distribution. The implications of these and other findings are discussed with regard to a model for BC formation. Analysis of molecular events involved in BC formation would be accelerated if an in vitro model system were available. Although BC formation in culture has previously been observed, repolarization of cell-CAM 105 and two other domain-specific membrane proteins was incomplete. Since DMSO had been used by Isom et al. to maintain liver-specific gene expression in vitro, the effect of this differentiation system on the polarity of these membrane proteins was examined. Based on findings presented here, DMSO apparently prolongs the expression and facilitates polarization of hepatocyte membrane proteins in vitro.
Mowery, Jeanette, "Intercellular adhesion and membrane polarity in rat hepatocytes: Localization of cell-CAM 105 and other domain-specific membrane proteins in situ and in vitro by electron microscopy" (1989). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9021165.