Modulation of carbohydrates and carbohydrate binding proteins (lectins) during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of murine embryonal carcinoma cells

David Bradley Amos, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The current studies were undertaken to examine the effect of retinoic acid (RA)-induced differentiation of the murine embryonal carcinoma cell line, F-9, on the glycosylation of specific cellular glycoproteins and on the expression of two members of the family of endogenous lactoside-binding lectins. It was found that RA-induced differentiation of these cells into cells with the properties of primitive endoderm results in the increased fucosylation of 3 glycoproteins with molecular weights of 175 (gp175), 250 (gp250), and 400 (pg400) kDa. These three fucose-containing glycoproteins can be considered as new markers of differentiation in this system. The increased fucosylation of these glycoproteins preceded the 3-fold increase in fucosyltransferase (FT) activity that was seen upon RA-induced differentiation of these cells, indicating that an increase in fucosyltransferase activity alone cannot explain the increased fucosylation of these glycoproteins. The effect of RA and Ch55, a chalcone carboxylic acid with retinoid-like properties, induced differentiation of a variety of murine embryonal carcinoma cell lines on the activities of both FT and sialyltransferase (ST) was examined. The effect of differentiation on the activities of both glycosyltransferases was modulated and most probably is dependent upon the differentiation pathway that is triggered by the retinoids for each of the embryonal carcinoma cell lines. Two glycoproteins, Lysosomal Associated Membrane Glycoproteins 1 and 2 (LAMP-1 and LAMP-2) were examined in more detail during the course of RA-induced differentiation of F-9 cells. Both the levels and glycosylation of both glycoproteins are increased following differentiation of these cells. Differentiation results in the increased binding of $\sp{125}$l-labelled L-phytohemagglutinin to bind to LAMP-1 which indicates increased GlcNAc $\beta$1,6 branching of the oligosaccharide side chains. We found that RA-induced differentiation of F-9 cells results in the decreased expression of the 34 kDa lectin 24 h after addition of the retinoid to the medium. Additionally, 48 h of RA-treatment results in the increased expression of the 14.5 kDa lectin. By indirect immunofluorescence we were able to colocalize the 14.5 kDa lectin and laminin which suggests that laminin may be a ligand for the lectin in the F-9 cells. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)

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Recommended Citation

Amos, David Bradley, "Modulation of carbohydrates and carbohydrate binding proteins (lectins) during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of murine embryonal carcinoma cells" (1990). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9033104.