A dual resonance, image-guided, volume localization technique for magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Edward Franklin Jackson, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


An interleaved, dual resonance, volume localization technique for $\sp1$H/$\sp{31}$P magnetic resonance spectroscopy has been designed, implemented on a 2 T imager/spectrometer, and verified with phantom studies. Localization techniques, including several single voxel techniques and spectroscopic imaging, were implemented, and studies were performed to compare the efficiency of each sequence of $\sp1$H/$\sp{31}$P spectral acquisitions. The sequence chosen was a hybrid of the stimulated echo single voxel technique and the spectroscopic imaging technique. Water suppression during the $\sp1$H spectral acquisitions was accomplished by the use of three narrow bandwidth RF saturation pulses in combination with three spoiler gradients. The spoiler gradient amplitudes were selected on the basis of a numerical solution of the Bloch equations. A post-acquisition water suppression algorithm was used to minimize any residual water signal. For interleaved $\sp1$H/$\sp{31}$P acquisitions, a dual resonance RF coil was constructed and interfaced to the existing RF detection system via a custom-designed dual resonance transcoupler and switching system. Programmable attenuators were incorporated to allow for changes in receiver and transmitter attenuation "on the fly". To provide the rapidly switched gradient fields required for the $\sp1$H/$\sp{31}$P acquisitions, an actively screened gradient coil system was designed and implemented. With this system, gradient field rise times on the order of 100 $\mu$s were obtained. These rapid switching times were necessary for minimizing intrasequence delays and for improving localization quality and water suppression efficiency. The interleaved $\sp1$H/$\sp{31}$P volume localization technique was tested using a two-compartment phantom. Analysis of the data showed that the spectral contamination was less than three percent. One-to-one spatial correspondence of the $\sp1$H and $\sp{31}$P spectra was verified and allowed for direct correlation of the spectral data with a standard magnetic resonance image.

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Recommended Citation

Jackson, Edward Franklin, "A dual resonance, image-guided, volume localization technique for magnetic resonance spectroscopy" (1990). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9100851.