Association between cerebral oxygen metabolic rate and the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in head injury patients
The development of nosocomial pneumonia was monitored in 96 head-trauma patients requiring mechanical ventilation for up to 10 days. Pneumonia occurred in 28 patients (29.2%) or 53.9 cases per 1,000 admission days. The incidence of nosocomial pneumonia was negatively correlated with cerebral oxygen metabolic rate (CMRO$\sb2$) measured during the first five days. The relative risk of nosocomial pneumonia for patients with CMRO$\sb2$ less than 0.6 umol/gm/min is 2.08 (1.09$-$3.98) times those patients with CMRO$\sb2$ greater than 0.6 umol/gm/min. The association between cerebral oxygen metabolic rate and nosocomial pneumonia was not affected by adjustment of potential confounding factors including age, cimetidine and other infections. These findings provide evidences underlying the CNS-immune system interaction.
Kuo, Benjamin Ing-Tiau, "Association between cerebral oxygen metabolic rate and the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in head injury patients" (1990). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9109978.