Analysis of the Soehner-Dmochowski strain of Moloney murine sarcoma virus
The Soehner-Dmochowski strain of murine sarcoma virus (MuSV-SD) was derived from a bone tumor of a New Zealand Black (NZB) rat infected with the Moloney strain of MuSV, which carries the gene encoding the v-mos protein. Serial passage of cell-free tumor extracts both decreased the latent period and resulted in osteosarcomas. Cells from a late passage tumor were established in culture, cell-free extracts frozen, and later inoculated into newborn NZB rats. One of the resulting bone tumors was established in culture and clonal cell lines derived, of which S4 was selected for the present study. The objectives of the study were two-fold: an examination of the genetic organization of MuSV-SD, and an examination of the biochemical characteristics of the viral proteins, since this is an acutely transforming virus which may yield insights into the mechanism of transformation caused by the v-mos protein. Blot hybridization of digested S4 genomic DNA reveals three candidate MuSV-SD integrated viral DNAs. The largest of these, MuSV-SD-6.5, was cloned from an S4 cosmid library, and the complete MuSV-SD-mos sequence was determined. The predicted amino acid sequence of the v-mos protein was compared to that of MuSV-124 and Ht-1, which show a 96.5% and 97.1% similarity, respectively. To characterize the MuSV-SD-mos protein further, immunochemical assays were performed using anti-mos antisera. The immunoblot analysis and immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that similar levels of the v-mos protein were present in cells chronically infected with either MuSV-SD or MuSV-124; however, the immune complex kinase assay revealed greatly reduced in vitro serine kinase activity of the MuSV-SD-mos protein compared to that of MuSV-124. Sequence analysis demonstrated that the serine at amino acid residue 358 of the MuSV-SD-mos protein, like that of MuSV-Ht-1, had been mutated to a glycine. Mutations of this serine residue have been shown to affect the detectable in vitro kinase activity, however, v-mos proteins containing this mutation still retain transforming properties. Therefore, although the characteristic in vitro kinase activity of the MuSV-SD-mos protein has not been demonstrated, it is clear that this virus is a potent transforming agent.
Putnam, Elizabeth Anne, "Analysis of the Soehner-Dmochowski strain of Moloney murine sarcoma virus" (1989). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9118733.