Insulin effects and receptor function in bovine aorta endothelial cells

Shirlette Glover Milton, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The interaction of insulin with bovine aorta endothelial (BAE) cells has been studied to determine the effect of insulin on endothelial cells, and investigate the function of the insulin receptor in this cell type. BAE cell insulin receptor is similiar to insulin receptor in other cell types in the time to attain equilibrium binding, its physical properties in a solubilized assay system and affinity for insulin in the low nanomolar range. However, BAE cell insulin receptor has unusual properties in its interaction with insulin at 4$\sp\circ$C that include: (1) the inability to completely dissociate prebound $\sp{125}$I-insulin by dilution with excess insulin or acid rinse treatment, indicating that binding is not completely reversible (2) the inability to remove prebound insulin with trypsin and other proteases (3) the implication of disulfide complex formation during binding (4) the inability of pretreatment with trypsin to lower cell surface binding capacity and (5) the suppression of insulin binding by bacitracin. Interactions of insulin with the receptor at 37$\sp\circ$C showed that (1) BAE cells degrade insulin, but not as extensively as other cell types, and (2) an unusual biphasic interaction of insulin with the BAE cells is observed which is indicative of some regulatory mechanism which modulates binding affinity. Functional characterization of the BAE cell insulin receptor revealed that insulin-induced downregulation and phosphorylation of the receptor was observed, and the extent of these processes were comparable to that demonstrated in non-endothelial cell types. However, in contrast to other cell types, insulin did not stimulate deoxyglucose uptake in BAE cells. We were unable to confirm the receptor-mediated transport of insulin by the receptor across the endothelial cell monolayer as reported by a previous investigator. We could not demonstrate a role for the receptor to promote acute intracellular accumulation of insulin as postulated by several investigators. Thus, while BAE cell insulin receptor has many properties that are similiar to those in other cell types, it is distinctly different in its nondissociable binding at 4$\sp\circ$C, its interaction with insulin at 37$\sp\circ$C, and its functional role in the BAE cell.

Subject Area

Pharmacology|Anatomy & physiology|Animals

Recommended Citation

Milton, Shirlette Glover, "Insulin effects and receptor function in bovine aorta endothelial cells" (1991). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9120626.