Characterization and mechanism of action of suppressor factors derived from human T cell hybridomas

Floyd Eliot Fox, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


This laboratory developed human T-cell hybridomas which constitutively secrete suppressor factors (SF) capable of inhibiting immune responses (Hybridoma 6:589 (1987). The mechanisms by which human T-cell hybridoma-derived SFs (designated 160 and 169) and Jurkat leukemic T-cell line derived SF inhibit the proliferative response to mitogen by human PBMC were investigated. The Jurkat SF had a pI of 5.2 whereas the 160 and 169 SF had pI of 5.7 and 4.7 (two peaks) and 4.7, respectively. The SF was not transforming growth factor-beta based upon neutralization and iummunoprecipitation experiments with anti-TGF-beta polyclonal antibody. Il-2 production by human PBMC cultured with Con A or OKT3 mAb in the presence of SF was found to be inhibited by greater than 80%. The proliferative responses of SF treated PBMC could not be restored by addition of exogeneous human IL-2. Inhibition of the proliferative responses could not be reversed by addition of exogenous rIL-1, rIL-2 or rIL-4 alone or in paired combinations. The expression of IL-2 receptors (TAC Ag) on Con A activated cultures time points was not affected by treatment with any SFs. Both the 160 and 169 hybridoma-derived SFs were found to arrest PHA induced cell cycle progression in G$\sb0$/G$\sb1$ phase, whereas SF from the Jurkat T-cell line arrested progression in the S phase. Pretreatment of PBMC with SF prior to the addition of mitogen, followed by washing, did not alter the proliferative response of these PBMC nor their cell cycle progression suggesting that cell activation is necessary for these SF to inhibit proliferative responses. Northern blot analysis of total mRNA from mitogen stimulated PBMC in the presence of SF, revealed a time dependent accumulation of an IL-2 specific mRNA of increased size (2.8 kB) in addition to the expected 1.0 kB mature IL-2 message. Interferon-gamma mRNA was of the appropriate size but its half-life was prolonged in SF treated cultures. IL-2 receptor and IL-1 beta mRNA expression was not altered in these cells.

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Recommended Citation

Fox, Floyd Eliot, "Characterization and mechanism of action of suppressor factors derived from human T cell hybridomas" (1990). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9121832.