Repression ofneu oncogene by E1A: Mechanisms and biological functions
The potential effects of the E1A gene products on the promoter activities of neu were investigated. Transcription of the neu oncogene was found to be strongly repressed by the E1A gene products and this requires that conserved region 2 of the E1A proteins. The target for E1A repression was localized within a 140 base pair (bp) DNA fragment in the upstream region of the neu promoter. To further study if this transcriptional repression of neu by E1A can inhibit the transforming ability of the neu transformed cells, the E1A gene was introduced into the neu oncogene transformed B104-1-1 cells and developed B-E1A cell lines that express E1A proteins. These B-E1A stable transfectants have reduced transforming activity compared to the parental B104-1-1 cell line and we conclude that E1A can suppress the transformed phenotypes of the neu oncogene transformed cells via transcriptional repression of neu. To study the effects of E1A on metastasis, we first introduced the mutation-activated rat neu oncogene into 3T3 cells and showed that both the neu oncogene transformed NIH3T3 cells and Swiss Webster 3T3 cells exhibited metastatic properties in vitro and in vivo, while their parental 3T3 cells did not. Additionally, the neu-specific monoclonal antibody 7.16.4, which can down regulate neu-encoded p185 protein, effectively reduced the metastatic properties induced by neu. To investigate if E1A can reduce the metastatic potential of neu-transformed cells, we also compared the metastatic properties of B-E1A cell lines and B104-1-1 cell. B-E1A cell lines showed reduced invasiveness and lung colonization than the parental neu transformed B104-1-1 cells. We conclude that E1A gene products also have inhibitory effect on the metastatic phenotypes of the neu oncogene transformed cells. The product of human retinoblastoma (RB) susceptibility gene has been shown to complex with E1A gene products and is speculated to regulate gene expression. We therefore investigated in E1A-RB interaction might be involved in the regulation of neu oncogene expression. We found that the RB gene product can decrease the E1A-mediated repression of neu oncogene and the E1A binding region of the RB protein is required for the derepression function.
Yu, Dihua, "Repression ofneu oncogene by E1A: Mechanisms and biological functions" (1991). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9125571.