Blood pressure and dietary factors in Mexican-Americans of Starr County, Texas
This study examined the cross-sectional associations between blood pressure, hypertension and dietary factors among 580 Mexican-American adults residing in Starr County, Texas. The data were collected as part of Gallbladder Disease Study between April, 1985 and December, 1986. Dietary intake was assessed for the month previous to the interview by means of a 38 food item quantified frequency questionnaire representing foods and mixed dishes commonly consumed in the community. From the dietary information intake of calcium, cholesterol, total kilocalories, and percent of kilocalories contributed by total fat, saturated fat, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein, carbohydrates were calculated. The effect of other factors associated with blood pressure, such as age, body mass index, body fat distribution, smoking, and drinking were controlled. Age was the most important predictor of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and hypertension. For both males and females, systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels were consistently positively associated with body mass index but were not associated with waist hip ratio. However, a strong positive relationship between hypertension and waist hip ratio but not body mass index was observed. After controlling for age and body mass index it was noted that for males there were no significant associations between the dietary variables and systolic blood pressure. For diastolic blood pressure there were significant associations with percent fat, percent monounsaturated fatty acids, percent protein and percent carbohydrates. For females, there were significant associations between systolic blood pressure and percent protein, percent carbohydrates and cholesterol. There were no significant associations between dietary variables and diastolic blood pressure. After controlling for age and waist hip ratio significant associations between hypertension and percent fat, percent saturated fat, percent monounsaturated fatty acids, percent carbohydrate and percent protein were observed in males. Significant associations between hypertension and percent polyunsaturated fatty acids and percent protein were noted in females.
Garcia-Londono, Gloria, "Blood pressure and dietary factors in Mexican-Americans of Starr County, Texas" (1991). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9130694.