B cell memory and idiotype network regulation

Peter George Seferian, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


This investigation examined the clonal dynamics of B-cell expression and evaluated the role of idiotype network interactions in shaping the expressed secondary B-cell repertoire. Three interrelated experimental approaches were applied. The first approach was designed to distinguish between regulatory influences controlled by the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and regulatory influences controlled by non-MHC factors including the idiotype network. This approach consisted of studies on the clonal dynamics and heterogeneity of the expressed IgG antibody repertoire of BALB/c mice. The second approach involved the analysis of the clonal dynamics of antibody responses of outbred rabbits. This analysis was coupled with studies to detect the occurrence and activity of constituents of the idiotype network. In the third approach the transfer of rabbit lymphocytes from immunized donors to MHC matched naive recipients was used to examine the effects of recipient non-MHC immunoregulatory influences on the expression of donor memory B-cells. Although many memory B cells were unaffected by non-MHC influences, these data show that non-MHC immunoregulatory influences can affect the expression of B-cells in the secondary response of inbred mice and outbred rabbits. The results also indicate that most IgG antibody responses are heterogeneous and are characterized by a stable group of dominant clonotypes. Clonal dominance and B-cell memory were found to be established early in an immune response. The expression of B memory clones appeared to be favored over the expression of virgin B cells. The injection of anti-tetanus antibody induced the antigen independent production of anti-tetanus antibody, probably through idiotypic mechanisms. These results demonstrate that both antibody and antigen can affect the expressed B-ceIl repertoire. Thus, idiotypic interactions are capable of influencing the expression of B-cells and these findings support the existence and function of an idiotype network with strong immunoregulatory potential.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Seferian, Peter George, "B cell memory and idiotype network regulation" (1991). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9131557.