Expression and regulation of a hematopoietic proteoglycan core protein gene during hematopoiesis
Factors involved in regulating tissue specific gene expression play a major role in cell differentiation. In order to further understand the differentiation events occurring during hematopoiesis, a myeloid specific gene was characterized, the expression pattern during hematopoiesis was analyzed, and the mechanisms governing its regulation were assessed. Previously, our laboratory isolated an anonymous cDNA clone, pD-D1, which displayed preferential expression in myeloid cells. From nucleotide sequencing of overlapping cDNA clones I determined that the D-D1 message encodes a hematopoietic proteoglycan core protein (HpPG). The expression pattern of the gene was assessed by in situ hybridization of bone marrow and peripheral blood samples. The gene was shown to be expressed, at variable levels, in all leukocytes analyzed, including cells from every stage of neutrophil development. In an attempt to ascertain the differentiation time point in which the HpPG gene is initially expressed, more immature populations of leukemic myeloblasts were assessed by northern blot analysis. Though the initial point of expression was not obtained, an up-regulatory event was discovered corresponding to a time point in which granule genesis occurs. This finding is consistent with prior observations of extensive packaging of proteoglycans into the secretory granules of granule producing hematopoietic cells. The HpPG gene was also found to be expressed at low levels in all stages of lymphocyte development analyzed, suggesting that the HpPG gene is initially expressed before the decision for myeloid-lymphoid differentiation. To assess the mechanism for the up-regulatory event, a K562 in vitro megakaryocytic differentiation system was used. Nuclear run-off analyses in this system demonstrated the up-regulation to be under transcriptional control. In addition, the HpPG gene was found to be down regulated during macrophage differentiation of HL60 cells and was also shown to be transcriptionally controlled. These results indicate that there are multiple points of transcriptional regulation of the HpPG gene during differentiation. Furthermore, the factors regulating the gene at these time points are likely to play an important role in the differentiation of granule producing cells and macrophages.
Stellrecht, Christine Marie Mulcahey, "Expression and regulation of a hematopoietic proteoglycan core protein gene during hematopoiesis" (1991). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9217768.