Regulation of adenylyl cyclase by protein kinase C and phosphate(2) purinergic agonists

John Allan Johnson, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) causes multiple effects on adenylyl cyclase (AC), (i) an inhibition of (hormone) receptor/G$\sb{\rm s}$ coupling, consistent with PKC modification of the receptor and (ii) a postreceptor sensitization consistent with a PKC-mediated modification of the stimulatory (G$\sb{\rm s}$) or inhibitory (G$\sb{\rm i}$) G-proteins or the catalyst (C) of AC. In L cells expressing the wild-type beta-adrenergic receptor ($\beta$AR) 4-$\beta$ phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) caused 2-3-fold increases in the K$\sb{\rm act}$ and V$\sb{\rm max}$ for epinephrine-stimulated AC activity and an attenuation of GTP-mediated inhibition of AC. Deletion of a concensus site for PKC phosphorylation (amino acids 259-262) from the $\beta$AR eliminated the PMA-induced increase in the K$\sb{\rm act}$, but had no effect on the other actions of PMA. PMA also increased the K$\sb{\rm act}$ and V$\sb{\rm max}$ for prostaglandin E$\sb1$ (PGE$\sb1$)-stimulated AC and the V$\sb{\rm max}$ for forskolin-stimulated AC. Maximal PMA-induced sensitizations were observed when AC was assayed in the presence of 10 $\mu$M GTP and 0.3 mM (Mg$\sp{++}$). Liao et al. (J. Biol. Chem. 265:11273-11284 (1990)) have shown that the P$\sb2$ purinergic receptor agonist ATP stimulates hydrolysis of 4,5 inositol bisphosphate (PIP$\sb2$) by phospholipase C (PLC) in L cells. To determine if agonists that stimulate PLC and PMA had similar effects on AC function we compared the effects of ATP and PMA. ATP caused a rapid 50-150% sensitization of PGE$\sb1$-, epinephrine-, and forskolin-stimulated AC activity with an EC$\sb{50}$ of 3 $\mu$M ATP. The sensitization was similar (i.e. Mg$\sp{++}$ and GTP sensitivity) to that caused by 10 nM PMA. However, unlike PMA ATP did not affect the K$\sb{\rm act}$ for hormone-stimulated AC and its effects were unaltered by down-regulation of PKCs following long term PMA treatment. Our results demonstrate that a PKC concensus site in the $\beta$AR, is required for the PMA-induced decrease in receptor/G$\sb{\rm s}$ coupling. Our data also indicate that activation of P$\sb2$ purinergic receptors by ATP may be important in the sensitization of AC in L cells. The mechanism behind this effect remains to be determined.

Subject Area


Recommended Citation

Johnson, John Allan, "Regulation of adenylyl cyclase by protein kinase C and phosphate(2) purinergic agonists" (1992). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9228967.