Immunochemical interactions of peptides with site-directed polyclonal immunoglobulin G
The objective of this study was to investigate the immunochemical nature of the polyclonal immune response to the 14mer peptide TINKEDDESPGLYG and to identify interactions among antibodies to more than one epitope. Two groups of rabbits were immunized with the 14mer peptide and a Keyhole Limpet hemocyanin (KLH) carrier, but with KLH attached either to the 14mer's N- or C-terminus. Two approximate epitopes were mapped by an antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method using antiserum obtained when KLH was oriented on the C-terminus of the 14mer. A precise mapping of the epitopes performed with inhibition enzyme immunoassays (iEIAs) resulted in an N-terminal 6mer epitope TINKED and a C-terminal 10mer epitope EDDESPGLYG. The epitopes overlapped by two amino acids. IEIAs and iEIAs incorporating antibody-blocking peptides indicated that the two anti-epitope antibody fractions did not interfere with one anothers' epitope binding. It was postulated that the anti-TINKED and anti-EDDESPGLYG antibody fractions individually bind their respective hydrophobic epitope "core" region at the N- or C-terminal of peptide TINKEDDESPGLYG, while sharing the two hydrophilic overlap amino acids. This antibody "lap joint" binding interaction can be accomplished by each of the anti-epitope antibodies binding an opposite side of the epitope overlap region in the shallow periphery of its binding site.
Kokolus, William Joseph, "Immunochemical interactions of peptides with site-directed polyclonal immunoglobulin G" (1992). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9307238.