Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary events in a biethnic Texas community, 1985-1990
The relationship between change in myocardial infarction (MI) mortality rate (ICD codes 410, 411) and change in use of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), adjusted for change in hospitalization rates for MI, and for change in use of aortocoronary bypass surgery (ACBS) from 1985 through 1990 at private hospitals was examined in the biethnic community of Nueces County, Texas, site of the Corpus Christi Heart Project, a major coronary heart disease (CHD) surveillance program. Age-adjusted rates (per 100,000 persons) were calculated for each of these CHD events for the population aged 25 through 74 years and for each of the four major sex-ethnic groups: Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White women and men. Over this six year period, there were 541 MI deaths, 2358 MI hospitalizations, 816 PTCA hospitalizations, and 920 ACBS hospitalizations among Mexican-American and Non-Hispanic White Nueces County residents. Acute MI mortality decreased from 24.7 in the first quarter of 1985 to 12.1 in the fourth quarter of 1990, a 51.2% decrease. All three hospitalization rates increased: The MI hospitalization rates increased from 44.1 to 61.3, a 38.9% increase, PTCA use increased from 7.1 to 23.2, a 228.0% increase, and ACBS use increased from 18.8 to 29.5, a 56.6% increase. In linear regression analyses, the change in MI mortality rate was negatively associated with the change in PTCA use (beta = $-$.266 $\pm$.103, p = 0.017) but was not associated with the changes in MI hospitalization rate and in ACBS use. The results of this ecologic research support the idea that the increasing use of PTCA, but not ACBS, has been associated with decreases in MI mortality. The contrast in associations between these two revascularization procedures and MI mortality highlights the need for research aimed at clarifying the proper roles of these procedures in the treatment of patients with CHD. The association between change in PTCA use and change in MI mortality supports the idea that some changes in medical treatment may be partially responsible for trends in CHD mortality. Differences in the use of therapies such as PTCA may be related to differences between geographical sites in CHD rates and trends.
Goff, David C., "Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and coronary events in a biethnic Texas community, 1985-1990" (1992). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9307909.