ATP- and carbachol-stimulated 1,2-diacylglycerol production during sensitization of adenylyl cyclase

Rekha Dinker Halligan, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Stimulation of LM5 cells with the phorbol ester 4$\beta$-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), causes a 2-4 fold sensitization of hormonally-stimulated adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity. This effect is thought to be due to protein kinase C (PKC)-mediated phosphorylation of either G$\sb{\rm i}$ or the catalytic subunit of AC. PKC are components of the phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phospholipase C (PIP$\sb2$-PLC) pathway. The currently accepted model of this pathway is that its activation by an agonist results in the production of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP$\sb3$) which causes Ca$\sp{++}$ mobilization, and 1,2-diacylglycerols (DAG) which activate PKC. Based on this model, we predicted that stimulation of purinergic and muscarinic receptors with the agonists ATP and carbachol (CCh), respectively in the LM5 cells, should sensitize AC. Surprisingly we found that only stimulation of the purinergic receptors in these cells caused a sensitization of PGE$\sb1$-stimulated AC measured in cell-free assays. We hypothesized that ATP-and CCh-stimulated differential DAG production contributes to the effectiveness of these two agonists to sensitize PGE$\sb1$-stimulated AC activity. To test this hypothesis directly, we performed a combined high-performance liquid chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography analysis of the DAG produced in the LM5 cells in response to stimulation with ATP and CCh. We found that both ATP and CCh increased levels of 23 species of DAG. Relative to the control levels (0.261 nmol DAG/100 nmol phospholipid) the CCh-induced increase in DAG levels was 280% (0.738 $\pm$ 0.051 nmol DAG/100 nmol phospholipid) whereas the ATP-induced levels increased 180% (0.441 t 0.006 nmol DAG/100 nmol phospholipid). Neither agonist created new species or eliminated the existing ones. The major species which comprised $\approx$50% of the total cellular DAG in all of the groups were 16:0-18:1, 18:0-18:1, 18:1-18:1, and 18:0-20:4. CCh was more effective than ATP at stimulating these major DAG species. It is concluded that factor(s) other than DAG contribute(s) to the differences between ATP-and CCh-sensitization of PGE$\sb1$-stimulated AC activity in the LM5 cells.

Subject Area

Biochemistry|Molecular biology

Recommended Citation

Halligan, Rekha Dinker, "ATP- and carbachol-stimulated 1,2-diacylglycerol production during sensitization of adenylyl cyclase" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9324936.