Biologic and molecular analysis of tumor suppressor loci in human glioblastoma multiforme
Molecular and cytogenetic analyses of human glioblastomas have revealed frequent genetic alterations, including major deletions in chromosomes 9, 10, and 17, suggesting the presence of glioma-associated tumor suppressor genes on these chromosomes. To examine this hypothesis, copies of chromosomes 2, 4, and 10 derived from a human fibroblast cell line were independently introduced into a human glioma cell line, U251, by microcell-mediated chromosomal transfer. Successful transfer of chromosomes in each case was confirmed by resistance to the drug G418, indicating the presence of the neomycin-resistance gene previously integrated into each transferred chromosome. The presence of novel chromosomes and or chromosomal fragments was also demonstrated by molecular and karyotypic analyses. The hybrid clones containing either a novel chromosome 4 or chromosome 10 displayed suppression of the tumorigenic phenotype in vivo and suppression of the transformed phenotype in vitro, while cells containing a transferred chromosome 2 failed to alter their tumorigenic phenotype. The hybrid cells containing chromosome 4 or 10 exhibited a significant decrease in their saturation density, altered cellular morphology at high cell density, but only a slight decrease in their exponential growth rate. A dramatic decrease was observed in growth of cells with chromosome 4 or 10 in soft agarose, with the number and size of the colonies being greatly reduced, compared to the parental or chromosome 2 containing cells. The introduction of chromosome 4 or 10 also completely suppressed tumor formation in nude mice. These studies indicate that chromosome 10, as hypothesized, and chromosome 4, a novel finding for gliomas, harbor tumor suppressor loci that may be directly involved in the initiation or progression of normal glial precursors to human glioblastoma multiforme.
Pershouse, Mark Allen, "Biologic and molecular analysis of tumor suppressor loci in human glioblastoma multiforme" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9324939.