The characterization of an epithelial chloride channel and purification of a channel component

Carolyn Louise Cannon Preston, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


A membrane fraction (M$\sb{\rm PS}$), enriched in Cl$\sp-$ channels, has been isolated from bovine tracheal epithelia and renal cortex homogenates by hydrophobic chromatography. The tracheal fraction shows a 37 fold enrichment of Cl$\sp-$ channels over crude tracheal homogenates by net Cl$\sp-$ measurements in membrane vesicles. Alkaline phosphatase and (Na$\sp+$ + K$\sp+$)-ATPase are not found in these membranes, suggesting that they are not apical or basolateral plasma membranes. The M$\sb{\rm PS}$ fraction exhibits a protein profile unlike that of other membrane fractions with major proteins of 200 kDa and 42 kDa, proteins of 30 to 35 kDa, and lesser amounts of other proteins. Reconstitution of M$\sb{\rm PS}$ fractions from both trachea and kidney into planar lipid bilayers demonstrates the presence of a single type of anion channel. The current-voltage relationship of this channel is linear with a slope conductance of 84 pS in symmetrical 400 mM KCl, and is identical to that of the predominant anion channel observed in tracheal apical membranes under similar conditions (Valdivia, Dubinsky, and Coronado. Science, 1988). In addition, the voltage dependence, selectivity sequence of Cl$\sp- >$ Br$\sp- \ge$ I$\sp-$, and inhibition by low concentrations of the Cl$\sp-$ channel blocker, DIDS, correspond to those of the predominant apical membrane channel. Thus, although the M$\sb{\rm PS}$ fraction appears to be of subcellular origin, it may be functionally related to an apical membrane Cl$\sp-$ permeability. When renal M$\sb{\rm PS}$ membranes were treated with the detergent octyl-glucoside (OG, 2%) and centrifuged, the supernatant, sM$\sb{\rm PS}$, showed a 2 to 7-fold enrichment in specific Cl$\sp-$ flux activity compared with the detergent treated M$\sb{\rm PS}$. These solubilized proteins were then size fractionated on a Superose 12 HPLC gel filtration column, followed by fractionation on a Mono Q HPLC anion exchange column. Fractions that eluted in high salt consistently exhibited significant Cl$\sp-$ flux activity. These fractions had protein profiles consisting of a major band at 34 kDa, a band at 66 kDa, and variable faint bands. Fractions eluting in lower salt had protein profiles consisting of a single band at 34 kDa, and often had little or no Cl$\sp-$ flux activity. However, co-reconstitution of the low salt, solely 34 kDa protein-containing Mono Q fractions with sM$\sb{\rm PS}$ resulted in an enhancement of flux activity compared to that of sM$\sb{\rm PS}$ reconstituted alone. Flux assays of active Mono Q fractions showed that the channel retained its DIDS sensitivity. Applying sM$\sb{\rm PS}$ to a DIDS-affinity column and eluting with salt resulted in fractions with protein profiles again consisting of at least one major band at 34 kDa, a band at 66 kDa, and variable faint bands. Co-reconstitution with sM$\sb{\rm PS}$ again resulted in an enhancement of activity. Thus, the 34 kDa protein appears to be a component of the M$\sb{\rm PS}$ Cl$\sp-$ channel.

Subject Area

Anatomy & physiology|Animals|Cellular biology

Recommended Citation

Preston, Carolyn Louise Cannon, "The characterization of an epithelial chloride channel and purification of a channel component" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9327365.