Minimal DNA sequences that control the cell lineage-specific expression of the proalpha2(I) collagen promoter in transgenic mice
The pattern of expression of the pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen gene is highly tissue-specific in adult mice and shows its strongest expression in bones, tendons, and skin. Transgenic mice were generated harboring promoter fragments of the mouse pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen gene linked to the Escherichia coli $\beta$-galactosidase or firefly luciferase genes to examine the activity of these promoters during development. A region of the mouse pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen promoter between $-$2000 and +54 exhibited a pattern of $\beta$-galactosidase activity during embryonic development that corresponded to the expression pattern of the endogenous pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen gene as determined by in situ hybridization. A similar pattern of activity was also observed with much smaller promoter fragments containing either 500 or 350 bp of upstream sequence relative to the start of transcription. Embryonic regions expressing high levels of $\beta$-galactosidase activity included the valves of the developing heart, sclerotomes, meninges, limb buds, connective tissue fascia between muscle fibers, osteoblasts, tendon, periosteum, dermis, and peritoneal membranes. The pattern of $\beta$-galactosidase activity was similar to the extracellular immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor-$\beta$1 (TGF-$\beta$1). The $-$315 to $-$284 region of the pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen promoter was previously shown to mediate the stimulatory effects of TGF-$\beta$1 on the pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen promoter in DNA transfection experiments with cultured fibroblasts. A construct containing this sequence tandemly repeated 5$\sp\prime$ to both a very short $\alpha$2(I) collagen promoter ($-$40 to +54) and a heterologous minimal promoter showed preferential activity in tail and skin of 4-week old transgenic mice. The pattern of expression mimics that of the $-$350 to +54 pro$\alpha$2(I) collagen promoter linked to a luciferase reporter gene in transgenic mice.
Niederreither, Karen Ann, "Minimal DNA sequences that control the cell lineage-specific expression of the proalpha2(I) collagen promoter in transgenic mice" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9329539.