Isolation and characterization ofcDNAs encoding novel homeoproteins from chondrocytes
Bone morphogenesis is a complex biological process. The multistep process of chondrogenesis is the most important aspect of endochondral bone formation. To study the mechanisms which control this multistep pathway of chondrogenesis during embryonic development, I started by isolating cDNAs encoding novel transcriptional factors from chondrocytes. Several such cDNAs encoding putative homeoproteins were identified from a rat chondrosarcoma cDNA preparation. I have been concentrating on characterizing two of these cDNAs. The deduced amino acid sequence of the first homeoprotein, Cart-1, contains a prd-type homeodomain. Northern hybridization and RNase protection analysis revealed that Cart-1 RNAs were present at high levels in a well differentiated rat chondrosarcoma tumor and in a cell line derived from this tumor. Cart-1 transcripts were also detected in primary chondrocytes, but not in numerous other cell types except very low levels in testis. In situ hybridization of rat embryos at different stages of development revealed relatively high levels of Cart-1 RNAs in prechondrocytic mesenchymal cells and in early chondrocytes of cartilage primordia. It is speculated that Cart-1 might play an important role in chondrogenesis. The second putative homeoprotein, rDlx, contains a Distal-less-like homeodomain. rDlx RNAs were also present at high levels in the rat chondrosarcoma tumor and in the cell line derived from this tumor. In situ hybridization of rat embryos revealed high levels of rDlx transcripts in the developing cartilages and perichondria of mature cartilages. rDlx transcripts were also detected in a number of nonchondrogenic tissues such as forebrain, otic vesicles, olfactory epithelia, apical ectodermal ridge (AER) of limb buds, the presumptive Auerbach ganglia of gastrointestinal tract. The unique expression pattern of rDlx suggests that it might play important roles in chondrogenesis and other aspects of embryogenesis.
Molecular biology|Cellular biology|Zoology
Zhao, Guang-Quan, "Isolation and characterization ofcDNAs encoding novel homeoproteins from chondrocytes" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9332755.