Identification of a novel tumor suppressor gene on human chromosome 3p14-p12 involved in renal cell carcinoma
Nonpapillary renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an adult cancer of the kidney which occurs both in familial and sporadic forms. The familial form of RCC is associated with translocations involving chromosome 3 with a breakpoint at 3p14-p13. Studies focused on sporadic RCC have shown two commonly deleted regions at 3p14.3-p13 and 3p21.3. In addition, a more distal region mapping to 3p26-p25 has been linked to the Von Hippel Lindau (VHL) disease gene. A large proportion of VHL patients develop RCC. The short arm of human chromosome 3 can, therefore, be dissected into three distinct regions which could encode tumor suppressor genes for RCC. Loss or inactivation of one or more of these loci may be an important step in the genesis of RCC. I have used the technique of microcell-mediated chromosome transfer to introduce an intact, normal human chromosome 3 and defined fragments of 3p, dominantly marked with pSV2neo, into the highly malignant RCC cell line SN12C.19. The introduction of chromosome 3 and of a centric fragment of 3p, encompassing 3p14-q11, into SN12C.19 resulted in dramatic suppression of tumor growth in nude mice. Another defined deletion hybrid contained the region 3p12-q24 of the introduced human chromosome and failed to suppress tumorigenicity. These data define the region 3p14-p12, the most proximal region of high frequency allele loss in sporadic RCC as well as the region containing the translocation breakpoint in familial RCC, to contain a novel tumor suppressor locus involved in RCC. We have designated this locus nonpapillary renal cell carcinoma-1 (NRC-1). Furthermore, we have functional evidence that NRC-1 controls the growth of RCC cells by inducing rapid cell death in vivo.
Sanchez, Yolanda, "Identification of a novel tumor suppressor gene on human chromosome 3p14-p12 involved in renal cell carcinoma" (1993). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9400112.