Modification of mutagen sensitivity by chemopreventive agents in vitro
The clinical application of chemopreventive agents is expected to prevent the appearance of cancer by arresting carcinogenesis or reversing it in the precancerous stages. The hypothesis of the present investigations was that chemopreventive agents (retinoids and antioxidant vitamins) may counteract the clastogenic effects of bleomycin in vitro in both lymphoblastoid cell lines and primary lymphocyte cultures and that a similar phenomenon can be detected in lymphocytes from individuals treated with 13-cis-retinoic acid. The efficacy of 13-cis-retinoic acid, n-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-retinamide, ascorbic acid, n-acetyl-l-cysteine, alpha-tocopherol, and alpha-tocopherol-acid succinate was tested against bleomycin-induced chromosomal breakage. The results provided direct evidence of the concentration-related protective effects of these agents against bleomycin-induced clastogenicity in cultures of human lymphoblastoid cell lines in vitro. Similar anticlastogenic protection was demonstrated with 13-cis-retinoic acid, ascorbic acid, n-acetyl-l-cysteine, and alpha-tocopherol-acid succinate in primary lymphocyte cultures in vitro. The in vitro anticlastogenic effect of 13-cis-retinoic acid was also demonstrated in lymphocyte cultures from peripheral blood samples from patients treated with this retinoid. An important consideration is that the concentrations used in the present investigations are comparable to those achieved in clinical situations. The in vitro anticlastogenic effect of these retinoids and antioxidants may constitute an important element of their chemopreventive properties. The results corroborate the hypothesis that these compounds may be effective in clinical chemoprevention trials. The bleomycin-assay may also be used as a short-term test to evaluate the antimutagenic effects of various agents.
Trizna, Zoltan, "Modification of mutagen sensitivity by chemopreventive agents in vitro" (1992). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9401766.