The roles of electrostatic charge pairing in the interaction between cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase

Sijiu Shen, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The cytochrome P450 enzyme catalysis requires two electrons transferred from NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (reductase) to P450. Electrostatic charge-pairing has been proposed to be one of the major forces in the interaction between P450 and reductase. In order to obtain further insight into the molecular basis for the protein interaction, I used two methods, chemical modification and specific anti-peptide antibodies, to study the involvement and importance of charged amino acid residues. Acetylation of lysine residues of P450c and P450b by acetic anhydride dramatically inhibited the reductase-supported P450c-dependent ethoxycoumarin hydroxylation activity, but P450 activity supported by cumene hydroperoxide is relatively unchanged. The modification of lysine residues of P450c and P450b did not grossly disturb the protein conformation as revealed by several spectral studies. This differential effect of lysine modification on the P450 activity in the system reconstituted with reductase versus the system supported by cumene hydroperoxide suggested an important role for P450 lysine residues in the interaction with reductase. Using $\rm\sp{14}C$-acetic anhydride, P450 lysine residues were labelled and further identified on P450c and P450b. Those lysine residues are at position 97, 271, 279, and 407 for P450c, and 251, 384, 422, 433, and 473 for P450b. Alignment of those identified lysine residues on P450c and P450b with amino acid residues identified in other studies indicated those residues reside in three major sequence areas. Modification of arginine residues of P450b by phenylglyoxal and 2, 3-butanedione have no significant effect on P450 activity either supported by NADPH and reductase or supported by cumene hydroperoxide. Further studies using $\rm\sp{14}C$-phenylglyoxal reveals that no incorporation of phenylglyoxal into P450b was found. These results demonstrated a predominant role of lysine residues of P450 in the electrostatic interaction with reductase. To understand the protein binding sites on each of P450 and reductase, I generated three anti-peptide antibodies against regions on reductase and five anti-peptide antibodies against five putative reductase binding sites on P450c. These anti-peptide antibodies were affinity purified and characterized on ELISA and by Western blot analysis. Inhibition experiments using these antibodies demonstrated that regions 109-120 and 204-220 of reductase are probably the two major binding sites for P450. The association of reductase with cytochromes P450 and cytochrome c may rely on different mechanisms. The data from experiments using anti-peptide (P450c) antibodies supports the important role of P450c lysine residues 271/279 and 458/460 in the interaction with reductase.

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Recommended Citation

Shen, Sijiu, "The roles of electrostatic charge pairing in the interaction between cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase" (1994). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9417563.