Regulation of theneu oncogene by the GTG element binding proteins
A previous study in our lab has shown that the transforming neu oncogene ($neu\sp\*$) was able to initiate signals that lead to repression of the neu promoter activity. Further deletion mapping of the neu promoter identified that the GTG element (GGTGGGGGGG), located between $-$243 and $-$234 relative to the translation initiation codon, mediates such a repression effect. I have characterized the four major protein complexes that interact with this GTG element. In situ UV-crosslinking indicated that each complex contains proteins of different molecular weights. The slowest migrating complex (S) contain Sp1 or Sp1-related proteins, as indicated by the data that both have similar molecular weights, similar properties in two affinity chromatographies, and both are antigenically related in gel shift analysis. Methylation protection and interference experiments demonstrated these complexes bind to overlapping regions of the GTG element. Mutations within the GTG element that either abrogate or enhance complex S binding conferred on the neu promoter with lower activity, indicating that positive factors other than Sp1 family proteins also contribute to neu promoter activity. A mutated version (mutant 4) of the GTG element, which binds mainly the fastest migrating complex that contains a very small protein of 26-kDa, can repress transcription when fused to a heterologous promoter. Further deletion and mutation studies suggested that this GTG mutant and its binding protein(s) may cooperate with some DNA element within a heterologous promoter to lock the basal transcription machinery; such a repressor might also repress neu transcription by interfering with the DNA binding of other transactivators. Our results suggest that both positive and negative trans-acting factors converge their binding sites on the GTG element and confer combinatorial control on the neu gene expression.
Yen, Rong-Lang, "Regulation of theneu oncogene by the GTG element binding proteins" (1994). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9420591.