The effect of v-mos expression on the regulation of the fos promoter in 490N3T cells

Lydia Ann Bishop, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


The v-mos oncogene acquired by Moloney murine sarcoma viruses by recombination with the c-mos proto-oncogene encodes a 37kD cytoplasmic serine/threonine protein kinase which can phosphorylate tubulin and vimentin, as well as the cyclin B component of the maturation promotion factor complex (MPF). Our earliest experiments asked whether the v-mos protein could activate the transcription of transin. Since the transcription of transin was known to be mediated by both fos-dependent and fos-independent pathways, it seemed possible that the induction of transin transcription by v-mos might be mediated by p55$\sp{\rm c-}\sp{fos}$. Surprisingly, when we examined the effect of v-mos on the fos promoter, we observed a significant inhibition of transcription in 49ON3T cells, a subclone of N1H3T3 mouse fibroblasts. In this thesis we show that in mouse 49ON3T cells, transcription from the fos promoter is up to 10-fold repressed in the presence of v-mos. Moreover, in this cell line several other transforming constructs (v-ras, v-src, neu) also cause repression of the fos promoter. Interestingly, nontransforming oncogenes (e.g. myc) do not repress fos transcription. The repressive effect was lost in v-mos mutants lacking in ATP-binding or kinase domain, arguing that the effect on fos transcription was mediated by v-mos transforming kinase activity. As mos is a cytoplasmic protein, it was assumed that transcriptional repression was mediated by conversion of a transcriptional regulator to a repressor by mos-induced phosphorylation. As a first approximation of the identity of this factor, we mapped the position of the mos effect on the fos promoter using reporter (CAT) constructs. We found that repression was mediated by regions $-$221 to $-$106 and $-$122 to $-$65 relative to the fos transcriptional start site, both of which regions regulate baseline fos transcription. There are direct repeats containing E2F transcriptional activator/repressor recognition motifs in these regions which bind similar nuclear proteins independently of v-mos presence or absence. Our data show that the contribution of the direct repeat to baseline fos transcription is mediated by these E2F sites with perhaps some contribution from the overlapping retinoblastoma control element (RCE). We have shown that there is a separate DNA protein interaction in the direct repeat which is more pronounced in the presence of v-mos. The recognition site for this protein, which we speculate mediates the mos-induced downregulation of fos transcription, overlaps but is distinct from the E2F and RCE binding sites. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Subject Area

Molecular biology

Recommended Citation

Bishop, Lydia Ann, "The effect of v-mos expression on the regulation of the fos promoter in 490N3T cells" (1994). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9510239.