Characterization of an upstream negative regulatory region of the mouseneu promoter

Margaret Ruth-Anne White-Jones, The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston


Cloning and characterization of the mouse neu gene revealed the presence of positive and negative cis-acting regulatory elements in the mouse neu promoter. An upstream region located between the SmaI and SphI sites of the promoter appeared to contribute significantly to negative regulation of the mouse neu gene, since deletion of this region led to a marked increase in transcriptional activity. To further characterize the mouse neu promoter I conducted a more exhaustive study on this cis-acting region which had not previously been studied in either human or rat neu promoters. The SmaI-SphI region was paced in front of the minimal thymidine kinase promoter where it inhibited transcription in both NIH3T3 and Hela cells. Physical association of nuclear proteins with this region was confirmed by electro-mobility shift assays. Four specific protein-DNA complexes were detected which involved interaction of proteins with various portions of the SmaI-SphI region. The most dominant protein complexes could be competed by SmaI-NruI and PstI-SphI subregions. Subsequent gel-shifts using SmaI-NruI and PstI-SphI as probes further confirmed the requirement of these two regions for the formation of the three fastest migrating complexes. Methylation interference and DNase I footprinting analyses were performed to determine the specific DNA sequences required for protein interaction. The two sequences identified were a 28 bp sequence, GAGCTTTCTTGGCTTAGTTCCAGACTCA, from the SmaI-NruI region (SN element) and a 23 bp sequence, AGGGACACCTTTGATCTGACCTTTA, from the PstI-SphI fragment (PS element). The PS and SN elements identified by footprinting were used as probes in gel-shift assays. Both oligonucleotides were capable of forming specific complexes with nuclear proteins. Sequence analysis of the SmaI-SphI region indicated that another sequence similar to PS element was located 330 bp upstream of the PS element. The identified SN and PS elements were subcloned into pMNSphICAT and transfected into NIH3T3 cells. Measurement of CAT activity indicated that both elements were sufficient to inhibit transcription from the mouse neu promoter. Both elements appeared to mediate binding in all cell types examined. Thus, I have identified two silencer elements from an upstream region of the mouse neu promoter which appear to regulate transcription in various cell lines.

Subject Area

Molecular biology

Recommended Citation

White-Jones, Margaret Ruth-Anne, "Characterization of an upstream negative regulatory region of the mouseneu promoter" (1994). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9520979.