Differential stress response and susceptibility to oxidative injury in alveolar macrophages from C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice following oxidant exposure
Studies have demonstrated a variable response to ozone among individuals and animal species and strains. For instance, C57BL/6J mice have a greater inflammatory response to ozone exposure than C3H/HeJ mice. In these studies, I utilized these strain differences in an effort to derive a mechanistic explanation to the variable strain sensitivity to ozone exposure. Therefore, alveolar macrophages (AM) from C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice were exposed in vitro to hydrogen peroxide ($\rm H\sb2O\sb2$), heat and acetyl ceramide or in vivo to ozone. Necrosis and DNA fragmentation in macrophages from the two murine strains were determined to assess cytotoxicity following these treatments. In addition, synthesis and expression of the stress proteins, stress protein 72 (SP72) and heme oxygenase (HO-1), were examined following treatments. The in vitro experiments were conducted to eliminate the possibility of in vivo confounders (i.e., differences in breathing rates in the two strains) and thus directly implicate some inherent difference between cells from the two murine strains. $\rm H\sb2O\sb2$ and heat caused greater cytotoxicity in AM from C57BL/6J than C3H/HeJ mice and DNA fragmentation was a particularly sensitive indicator of cell injury. Similarly, AM from C57BL/6J mice were more sensitive to ozone exposure than cells from C3H/HeJ mice. Exposure to either 1 or 0.4 ppm ozone caused greater cytotoxicity in macrophages from C57BL/6J mice compared to macrophages from C3H/HeJ mice. The increased sensitivity of AM to injury was associated with decreased synthesis and expression of stress proteins. AM from C57BL/6J mice synthesized and expressed significantly less stress proteins in response to heat and ozone than AM from C3H/HeJ mice. Heat treatment resulted in greater synthesis and expression of SP72. In addition, macrophages from C57BL/6J mice expressed lower amounts of HO-1 than macrophages from C3H/HeJ mice following 0.4 ppm ozone exposure. Therefore, AM from C57BL/6J mice are more susceptible to oxidative injury than AM from C3H/HeJ mice which might be due to differential expression of stress proteins in these cells.
Toxicology|Public health|Environmental science
Jabbour, Abdallah Jacob, "Differential stress response and susceptibility to oxidative injury in alveolar macrophages from C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ mice following oxidant exposure" (1994). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9528249.