Regulation of sodium/glucose cotransporter expression in LLC-PK(1) cells
Expression of the Na$\sp+$/glucose cotransporter (SGLT1), a differentiated function of the pig kidney epithelial cell line LLC-PK$\sb1$ derived from proximal tubule, was further investigated. The differentiation inducer hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) and IBMX, an inhibitor of cAMP phosphodiesterase, each stimulated a significant increase in Na$\sp+$/glucose cotransport activity, levels of the 75 kD cotransporter subunit and steady-state levels of the SGLT1 message. The action of HMBA is associated with involvement of polyamines and protein kinase C, and is synergistic with cAMP. We provide evidence that cAMP-elevating agents increase Na$\sp+$/glucose cotransporter expression, at least in part, via a post-transcriptional mechanism. Two molecular species of SGLT1 mRNA (3.9 kb and 2.2 kb) are transcribed from the same gene in LLC-PK$\sb1$ cells and differ only in the length of the 3$\sp\prime$ untranslated region (3$\sp\prime$ UTR). cAMP elevation differentially stabilized the 3.9 kb SGLT1 transcript from degradation but not the 22 kb species. UV-cross-linking and label transfer experiments indicated that cyclic AMP elevation was associated with formation of a 48 kD protein complex with a specific domain within the 3$\sp\prime$ UTR of SGLT1 mRNA. The binding was competitively inhibited by poly (U) and other U-rich RNA species such as c-fos ARE, and modulated by a protein kinase A-mediated phosphorylation/dephosphorylation mechanism. The binding site was mapped to a 120-nucleotide 3$\sp\prime$ UTR sequence which contains a uridine-rich region (URE). Our study provides the first demonstration that renal SGLT1 is post-transcriptionally regulated by a phosphorylation/dephosphorylation mechanism, and provides a deeper insight into gene regulation of this physiologically important cotransporter.
Peng, Hua, "Regulation of sodium/glucose cotransporter expression in LLC-PK(1) cells" (1995). Texas Medical Center Dissertations (via ProQuest). AAI9532507.